Introduction to the new regulations
The EU 2016/425 regulation has recently been published. It was approved by the European Parliament, replacing Directive 89/686/CEE, and will maintain the general goal of guaranteeing health and safety for anyone using the personal protective equipment.
1. Field of application.
3. 3. Basic health and safety requirements (minimums).
4. Compliance assessment procedure.
5. Documentation requirements.
Implementing R (EU) 2016/425
• It comes into force on 17 April 2016 except for articles that affect NBs and Committee and Penalties.
• Up to 21/04/2018, PPE can only be marketed according to Directive 89/686/CEE
• It will be applicable from 21/04/2018.
• PPE that meets Directive 89/686/CEE and that is put on the market before 21/04/2019 will be accepted.
• Standard CE certificates that have not expired will be valid until 21/04/2023.
Risk categories for PPEs (according to new 2016/425 ruling)
Includes the following minimum risks (superficial mechanical injuries, contact with weakly acting cleaning materials, or extensive contact with water, contact with hot surfaces not exceeding 50ºC., eye injuries caused by sunlight, non extreme atmospheric conditions.
Includes risks other than any listed in CAT I and III.
Exclusively includes risks that might incur very serious consequences such as death or irreversible damage to health, in relation to the following: health-hazard substances and mixtures, oxygen-poor atmospheres, harmful bacterial agents, ionising radiation, high temperature environments with effects comparable to air temperature of at least 100ºC, low temperature atmospheres with effects comparable to air temperature of -50ºC or less, falling from heights, electric shocks, and working on live installations, drowning, cuts caused by hand-operated chain saws, high pressure jets, gun or knife injuries, damaging noise.
EN420:2003+A1:2009 Protective gloves. General Requirements
The UNE-EN420 is a reference standard to be used with the relative or applicable specific standards for protective gloves. This standard defines requirements concerning ergonomics, glove construction, high visibility, harmlessness, cleaning, comfort and efficacy, marking and applicable information for all protective gloves except for gloves for electrical and surgical work
Glove design and construction (sizes, dexterity…)
Watertightness test – optional
Protective glove safety
PH should be higher than 3.5 and lower than 9.5
Chrome should not exceed 3 ppm
Contained in free proteins
Electrostatic properties - optional
EN388:2003 – Mechanical risks
This standard is applied to all types of protective gloves intended to protect against mechanical and physical hazards caused by abrasion, knife cuts, perforation, ripping and impact cuts (this does not apply to anti-vibration gloves).
Circular test samples of the test material are submitted to abrasion on a known load, as two movements at a right angle produce as cyclical flat movement. Resistance to abrasion is measured by the number of cycles required to puncture the glove. If the glove is made up of different layers, tests will be performed on each layer, and classified according to the sum of the cycles required to puncture each one.
The Oakey Glass Quality Cabinet Paper Grade F2- GRIT 100 sanding paper, used to date, is no longer available.
Test and control samples, prepared and used according to the rules, will be slashed by a standardised circular blade, fitted with alternate movement, in the sequence set for the test, until a cut is made. The mass applied to the blade provides a force of 5N. The test sequence will apply it five times, noting the blade-cutting resistance index, classified in compliance with the minimum value, obtaining at least 10 indices to put in the test report.
The test method in force is not reliable for cut resistant materials that blunt the blade cutting edge.
This is defined as the force required to tear a precut test sample according to the EN388 standard.
The tests will be performed on samples that are taken from four different gloves in the same series. In the case of multi-layer samples, the test will be performed on each layer separately and the classification will be based on the highest value obtained.
The tearing resistance of each sample is taken as the highest peak registered and the classification is made using the lowest of the four values.
The sample is cut and prepared as set in the EN388 standards, and mounted on a device that holds it centred on the axis of a low inertia compression machine, capable of applying and measuring forces between 0 and 500N. A standardised spike is fitted, centred on the machine axis, that moves towards the test samples with a speed of 100 mm/min up to a distance of 50 mm. The greatest force value applied until the material is punctured will be recorded.
It will be classified according to the lowest recorded value out of four samples in the same series.
EN 374:2003 Chemical risks
The EN374 standard sets requirements for gloves intended to protect users from chemical products and micro-organisms. There are two types of tests, penetration and permeability, explained below.
The gloves should not leak when tested. Gloves from a single batch should be sampled and inspected in accordance with the ISO 2859 standard. Acceptable AQL inspection and quality levels should match the data in the table:
Protective glove material resistance to permeation, for a solid or liquid chemical product, is determined by measuring the breakthrough time for a chemical product to pass through the glove material.